Maury Obstfeld, the IMF’s chief economist, said that the UK’s decision to withdraw from the EU had added “downward pressure to the world economy at a time when growth has been slow”.

He said that “the direct effects specifically due to Brexit are greatest in Europe, especially the UK”.

Despite the downgrade, economic growth in Britain will still outstrip Germany and France, whose economies are expected to expand by 1.2pc next year. The UK will also beat Italy, where GDP is forecast to rise just 1pc.

The figures were part of a wider IMF report on the global economy. The fund’s economists said the result of the EU referendum would contribute to slower global growth both this year and next. Economists now anticipate world GDP growth of 3.1pc this year, and 3.4pc in 2017, having shaved 0.1 percentage points off both estimates.

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